山西成人高考高起点英语语法考点:虚拟语气

 二维码 213
发表时间:2020-07-24 11:01

1、中文:我要是你,我不会那么做。


  (误)I shouldn"t do that if I was you.


  (正)I shouldn"t do that if I were you.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气不能用was,只能用were.)


  2、中文:要是我父亲现在在这里,他会告诉我该做什么。


  (误)If my father were here now,he will tell me what to do.


  (正)If my father were here now,he would tell me what to do.(表示与现在事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的助动词只能用would,might等过去时。)[环球网校成人高考频道整理虚拟语气误用]


  3、中文:要是我知道她的电话号码,我就会给她打电话了。


  (误)If I knew her telephone number,I would have called her.


  (正)If I had known her telephone number,I would have called her.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词要用过去完成时。)


  4、中文:要是昨天没下雨她也许会来。


  (误)If it had not rained yesterday,he might come.


  (正)If it had not rained yesterday,he might have come.(表示与过去事实相反的虚拟语气中,主句的动词要用助动词的过去时might,could等+HAVE+过去分词。)


  5、中文:我不认为我会失败,但要是我失败了,我会再努力。


  (误)I don"t think that I shall fail. But if I failed,I would try again.


  (正)I don"t think that I shall fail. But if I should fail,I would try again.(表示与将来事实相反的虚拟语气中,条件从句的动词用should加原形动词。)



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